Healthcare briefing – Damages for breach of Article 8 rights
The Court of Protection recently considered the steps taken to safeguard vulnerable individuals and intervention in the intimate relationship of a married couple.
CH v A Metropolitan Council  EWCOP12
CH had Down’s syndrome and a learning disability. He married his wife WH in 2010 and they lived together and enjoyed normal conjugal relations. An application for fertility treatment led to an enquiry as to CH’s mental capacity to consent to sexual relations. A consultant psychologist’s assessment resulted in a decision that CH did not have capacity to consent to sexual relations and would require a course of sex education in order to gain the necessary capacity.
Following a delay in implementing the sex education course, proceedings were brought for damages against the Local Authority pursuant to a breach of Article 8 rights.
The claim centred on the delay in implementing the course of sex education and ‘enforced abstinence from conjugal relations’.
The Court of Protection heard the case. Sir Mark Hedley concluded that some interference with Article 8 rights was permissible in view of the psychologist’s expert evidence but that the delay in providing the sex education course was actionable and breached CH’s Article 8 rights. The Court of Protection therefore approved a settlement in the sum of £10,000 plus payment of costs.
- It was not the initial decision to direct abstinence from sexual relations that breached Article 8 but the subsequent delay in providing the sex education course. Barring a married couple from intimacy is on the face of it a breach of Article 8. Any interference with an individual’s private life must be justified and proportionate.
- The criminal law makes no distinction between sexual relations inside or outside marriage.
- The Mental Capacity Act 2005 provides that a person is not to be treated as unable to make a decision unless all practicable steps to help him to do so have been taken without success.
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This briefing is for guidance purposes only. RadcliffesLeBrasseur accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever for any action taken or not taken in relation to this note and recommends that appropriate legal advice be taken having regard to a client's own particular circumstances.